Understanding Abraham Maslow's Contributions to Psychology

What are some key facts about Abraham Maslow?

- Created the hierarchy of needs
- Researched human motivation
- Claimed that people are motivated to reach their highest potential
- Interested in the characteristics of a person with a healthy personality

Final answer:

Abraham Maslow was an influential psychologist who developed the hierarchy of needs and researched human motivation, with a particular interest in self-actualization and the traits of a healthy personality. The correct answer is option 1., 2., 3. and 4.

Explanation:

Abraham Maslow, an American psychologist, is renowned for his contributions to human motivation and personality theory, notably through the concept of a hierarchy of needs. Maslow's hierarchy comprises various levels of human needs, beginning with basic physiological needs at the bottom, ascending through safety, love and belonging, esteem, and culminating with self-actualization at the peak. This hierarchy illustrates that higher-level needs can only be pursued once the more fundamental needs have been satisfied.

Maslow emphasized that individuals are driven to achieve their highest potential, a process he termed self-actualization. Additionally, he was deeply interested in identifying the characteristics of those with a healthy personality, and his work highlighted qualities such as creativity, spontaneity, and concern for others. He believed that these individuals exemplify the potential of human growth, which lies at the heart of his humanistic psychological perspective.

Therefore, statements that Maslow created the hierarchy of needs, researched human motivation, claimed that people are motivated to reach their highest potential, and had an interest in the characteristics of a person with a healthy personality are all true reflections of his work.

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